Strip, Bind, and Search: A Method for Identifying Abnormal Energy Consumption in Buildings

Speaker: Romain Fontugne (JFLI & The University of Tokyo)

Date: 25th January 2013

Time: 14:00

Place: room 214, Faculty of Science Bldg. 7, Hongo Campus, The University of Tokyo

A typical medium-to-large building contains thousands of sensors, monitoring the HVAC system, lighting, and other operational sub-systems. With the increased push for operational efficiency, operators are relying more on historical data processing to uncover opportunities for energy-savings. However, they are overwhelmed with the deluge of data and seek more efficient ways to identify potential problems. We present a new approach, called the Strip, Bind and Search (SBS) method for uncovering abnormalities in equipment behavior and in-concert usage. SBS uncovers relationships between devices and constructs a model for their in-concert usage. It then flags deviations from the model as abnormal. We run SBS on a set of building sensor traces; each containing hundred sensors reporting data flows over 18 weeks from two separate buildings with fundamentally different infrastructures.  We demonstrate that, in many cases, SBS uncovers misbehaviors corresponding to inefficient device usage that leads to energy waste. The average waste uncovered is as high as 2500~kWh per device.




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